Cover Crops & Grazing Mixes

Mustang Forage Rye

  • Excellent for fall and spring grazing
  • High tonnage and excellent forage quality on late spring harvest
  • Promotes excellent soil conditions to follow with soybeans, corn, or another forage crop

Mustang Cover Crop Rye

  • Dwarf variety
  • Excellent choice for cover crop use where the extra height and forage yield is not needed
  • Average height the same as most winter wheats
  • Also, an excellent choice for grain production
  • Has above average yield and threshes easier than most other varieties

Soil N Graze

  • Premium rye
  • Only use rye from our highest quality lots: 90+ Germ
  • 99.50+ purity – Ergot free


  • There are fall and spring varieties
  • A cross between wheat and rye and is excellent for Fall/Spring Grazing or for a forage crop

Teff Grass

  • A self-pollinated, warm season annual grass
  • Can be harvested multiple times during the growing season as dry hay, silage or pasture
  • As a fast growing crop, Teff combines excellent forage quality with high yield during a relatively short growing season

Hayes Forage Barley

  • Hayes is a two-row hooded hay barley that is well adapted for a wide variety of growing conditions and climates
  • Hayes is an early maturing variety that produces a high yielding, high quality and uniform hay crop
  • Hayes has a fine stem which aids in feeding and digestibility
  • Forage trials to date indicate that Hayes produces lower nitrate levels than other forage barleys growing under the same conditions

German Millet

  • An annual grass with slim, vertical, leafy stems
  • It is a warm season crop that is planted in late spring
  • Harvest for hay or silage
  • Does not re-grow

Hairy Vetch

  • A winter hardy annual
  • It should be planted in late September or early October
  • The stems are weak and viny
  • When planted with oats and cut green it makes an excellent livestock feed
  • Hairy Vetch is used mainly as a green manure crop in the cotton belt

Common Vetch

  • A nitrogen fixing leguminous plant
  • This hardy plant is often grown as green manure
  • It is tolerant of light mowing and will re-grow in pastures after moderate grazing

Alsike Clover

  • Popular in regions where red clover is the main rotation crop and where there are areas where red clover will not thrive
  • It is used on low, wet land and soils that are low in lime content or have become run down
  • Alsike is suitable for either hay or pasture
  • It is especially valuable when used with Timothy and is usually used only in mixtures

Crimson Clover

  • With its rapid, robust growth, crimson clover provides early spring nitrogen for full-season crops
  • Rapid fall growth, or summer growth in cool areas, also makes it a top choice for short-rotation niches as a weed suppressing green manure
  • Popular as a staple forage and roadside cover crop throughout the Southeast, crimson clover is gaining increased recognition as a versatile summer-annual cover in colder regions

Berseem Clover

  • An annual pasture legume
  • Grows best on fertile, medium to heavy textured soils of mild acidity
  • It is a heavy Nitrogen producer

Medium Red Clover

  • A good Nitrogen producer
  • Good root system-soil builder
  • Is a tall clover
  • Excellent for forage

Mammoth Red Clover

  • A short-lived perennial that produces only one cutting per season and is taller and much coarser than medium red clover
  • Lodging and leaf loss may be a problem if it is allowed to go to full bloom before cutting
  • Mammoth red clover requires less moisture than medium red but will perform better in poorer soils

Yellow Blossom Sweet Clover

  • Primarily used as a cover crop as it has deep roots that help break up compaction and build organic matter
  • Not a good forage crop

Coyote Radish

  • A late maturing cover crop radish that produces a significant root mass
  • This deep root system allows it to pull nitrogen and other nutrients from deep within the soil and bring them back

Dwarf Essex Rape Seed

  • A very popular, lower growing rape seed that is very nutritious to all classes of livestock
  • Dwarf Essex belongs to the cabbage family and has high protein and high energy levels
  • It is cold, heat and drought tolerant and is a feed source during summer months when it is hot and dry

Purple Top Turnips

  • Most commonly used turnip in the U.S.
  • Works well for late fall and winter grazing
  • Good choice for low fertility soils

Appin Turnips

  • Bred for fast vigorous establishment and quick maturity (60-100 days)
  • Appin has significantly higher proportion of leaf yield compared to other turnips and is multi-crowned for improved re-growth potential


  • A member of the legume family. Lentils can supply a significant part of its nitrogen requirement by fixing nitrogen from the air
  • It is a cool season crop with a relatively shallow root
  • It is moderately resistant to high temps and drought
  • Lentil has an indeterminate growth habit
  • This cover crop will not tolerate water logged soils, flooding or high salts

Annual Ryegrass

  • A very popular cover crop in parts of the Midwest
  • It is fast establishing, provides excellent weed suppression, can be grazed and helps to reduce nematode populations
  • Deep roots improve compaction, quick establishment and heavy top-growth to prevent soil erosion or runoff
  • Loves nitrogen, can uptake extensive amounts of phosphates


  • Is a brown-seeded, blue flowered variety
  • The variety is early in maturity and fairly tall

4010 Forage Peas

  • Is a cool season legume developed for the production of high quality forage for livestock


  • A hybrid cross between Meadow Fescue and Ryegrass
  • Festulolium is mainly utilized in pastures for grazing and stockpiling, either in mixes or pure stands
  • Benefits include higher forage yields than perennial ryegrass, increased mid-summer growth, high disease resistance and winter hardiness


  • Fast growing with fine stems, aggressive tillering and a mass of leaves at harvest
  • Adapted to all areas
  • Can be used as pasture or for hay
  • Could have risk for prussic acid. Do not graze until 18” tall

Sorghum Sudangrass

  • An intermediate plant size
  • It would be slightly taller than straight sudangrass
  • Yield is generally less than that for forage sorghums, but similar or slightly higher than sudangrass
  • It can be used for hay, greenchop or pasture
  • Larger stems make drying for hay more difficult than for sudangrasses

Forage Sorghum

  • Major use is for silage
  • Usually can grow between 8-13 feet tall
  • Stems and leaves are similar in size to corn. Feeding value of sorghum silage is 80-90% of comparable corn silage

Grain Sorghum

  • Also called Milo, used for grain production
  • This type grows 3-5 feet tall depending on variety and growing conditions
  • It is usually not considered for forage production because of low dry matter yields